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Sumona Chakravarti suffering from endometriosis
| Agency - 30 May 2022  138

Sumona Chakravarti

It was in a social media post that Sumona had spoken about suffering from endometriosis. It is a disorder in which tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside the uterus. She wrote about it and said it was not easy opening about her personal issues. She wrote, 'I have been battling endometriosis since 2011. Been in stage IV for the past few years now. A good eating habit, exercise & most importantly no stress is key to my well being. The lockdown has been emotionally hard for me. Today i worked out. Felt good. Thought ill share my feelings for whoever is reading this to understand that all that glitters is not gold.'

What Delhi IVF has to say about Endometriosis?

What Is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a very common medical condition which affects women in their reproductive ages. The cause of endometriosis is still mostly undefined, and this medical condition includes the endometrium (cells which makes the internal lining of the uterine cavity) forming outside the uterus, mostly on ovaries, fallopian tubes, bowel, and the pelvic tissue linings.

Endometriosis affects women’s fertility through various ways

The endometrial lining of the endometrial cavity of the uterus is formed & shed every month normally in the women’s menstrual cycle. In endometriosis, however, this bleeding doesn’t find an exit way and instead penetrates the other way into tubes/ovaries/and peritoneal cavity. The immune system of women finds that bleeding as an “open wound”, and treat it the same way, resulting in scarring, in a process same as the healing after a skin cut. By the time, accumulated scar tissues cause adhesions and often extreme pain especially during periods. When affecting the tubes, it may also negatively affect fertility and lead to the requirement of infertility treatments.

This condition affects fertility in many ways!

Reports suggest that the rates of endometriosis vary from patient to patient, but the conclusion is that approx. 5-10% of all women suffer from this gynaecological condition. Endometriosis is very much common in infertile women.

What are the Causes of Endometriosis?

As we said above, the causes of endometriosis are still not defined but there are some studies that suggest the possible causes which may differ from patient to patient.

  • Hormones– Identically, the female hormone estrogen is observed to promote endometriosis.
  • Genetics– Endometriosis goes on with generation to generation in a family. If your mother or sister had endometriosis then you may have the six-time higher chances of getting endometriosis.
  • Menstrual Period Issues– Some women face backward period flow, in which some of the tissue shed during a menstrual cycle flows backward via fallopian tubes and into the pelvis.
  • Environmental Exposures– Exposure to industrial chemicals and compounds before the birth may lead to an increased risk of endometriosis in the future.

Other factors that may develop risk of endometriosis are:

  • Early age start of the menstrual period (before 11 yrs)
  • Heavy menstrual periods that last for more than a week

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